Fibrous materials for medical applications are used in products specially designed to meet specific needs in health-care and well-being areas, being suitable for medical, surgical and post-surgical treatments. The materials applied in this area possess properties such as: flexibility, strength, biocompatibility, and porosity, among other characteristics.
The fibers used in most medical applications include: cotton, polyurethane, polypropylene, poly(methylmethacrylate), polyester, alginate and also bio-absorbable fibers such as chitin and collagen.
In medical applications, fibrous materials can be grouped: implantable surgical materials (artificial tendons, stents, artificial heart valves, prosthetics, etc.), non-implantable surgical materials (gauze, cotton, dressings, etc.), extra-body devices (kidney, liver and artificial lung) and healthcare/ hygiene products (coats, hats, drapes, etc.).